These laboratory-based courses accompany, environmental chemistry and analytical chemistry. The laboratory is equipped with different simple equipments such as pH  The students are using state-of-the-art instrumentation and methods to identify and measure chemicals in air, water, soil, consumer products and hazardous waste, as well as in wildlife (fish, eggs, tissues) and human (blood, milk and fat tissue) specimens. The students are advised to adopt the lab safety guide (a general safety guide is provided at the end of this section). The Laboratory manuals/documentation/instructions for experiments are readily accessible to faculty and students.